This is my personal glossary about my preparation for obtain CISSP Certification and understand all Security keywords. Here all keywords beginning by letter E.
Electromagnetic Inteference (EMI): Electrical noise generated by the different charges between the three electrical wire (Hot, neutral, and ground) and can be common-mode noise (Cased by hot and ground) or traverse-mode noise (caused by hot and neutral).
Electronic Code Book (ECB): One of four operating modes for DES, ECB operates on 64-bits blocks of plaintext independently and produces 64-bits blocks of ciphertext and it’s native mode for DES operation.
Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP): In IPSec, a protocol that provides confidentiality (Encryption) and limited authentification.
Encryption: The process of transforming plaintext to ciphertext.
end-to-end encryption: A process by which pakets are encrypted once at the original encryption source and then decrypted only at the final decryption destination.
Enticement: Luring someone toward certain evidence after that individual has already committed a crime.
Entrapment: Encouraging someone to commit a crime that the individual may have had no intention of commuting.
Escalation of privilege: An attack where the attacker is using some means ti bypass security controls in order to attain a higher privilege level on the target system.
Escrowed Encryption Standard (EES): Divides a secret key into two parts, and places those parts into escrow with two separate, trusted organizations. Published by NIST in FISP PUB 185 (1994).
Espionage: The practice of spying or using spies to obtain proprietary or confidential information.
Ethernet: A common bus-topology network transport protocol.
Ethics: Professional principes and duties that guide decisions and behavior.
European Information Technology Security Evaluation Criteria (ITSEC): Formal evaluation criteria that address confidentiality, Integrity, and availability on entire system (CIA).
Evidence life cycle: The various phases of evidence, from its initial discovery to its final disposition. The evidence life cycle has the following five stages:
- Collection and identification
- Preservation, and transportation
- Presentation in court; and return to the victim (owner)
Exclusive Or (XOR): A binary operation applied to two input bits. If the two bits are equal the result is zero. If the two bits are not equal, the result is one.
Exigent circumstances: If probable cause exists and the destruction of evidence is imminent, property/or people may be searched and/or evidence may be seized by law enforcement personnel without search warrant.
Expert systems: A type of artificial intelligence system based on an inference engine (A program that attempts to derive answers) and knowledge base.
Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP): A remote access control protocol that implements various authentification mechanisms, including MD5, S/Key, generic token cards, and digital certificates. Often used in wireless network (wifi).
Extranet: An intranet that has been extended to include external parties, such as customers, partners, and suppliers.