National Information Assurance Certification and Accreditation Process (NIACAP): Formalizes the certification and accreditation process for U.S. government national security Information systems.
NCSC: National Computer Security Center. A U.S. Government organization, within the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA), that is responsible for evaluating computing equipment and applications that are used to process classified data.
need-to-know: A status, granted to an individual, that defines the essential information needed to perform his or her assigned job function.
Network Address Translation (NAT): The process of converting internal, privately used addresses in a network to external public addresses.
Network Interface Card (NIC): An adaptor that permits a computer on other system to be connected to a network.
Neural Network: A type of artificial intelligence system that approximates the unctions of the human nervous system.
NIST: U.S. Institute of standard and Technology. A federal agency, within the U.S. Department of Commerce, that is responsible for promoting innovation and competitiveness through standards, measurement science, and technology.
Non-Compete Agreement: A legal agreement in which an employee agrees not to accept employment in a competing organization.
Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA): A legal agreement in which one or more parties agrees to refrain from disseminating confidential information related to others parties.
Non-interference model: Ensure that the actions of different objects and subjects aren’t seen by, and don’t interfere with, other objects and subjects on the same system.
Non-repudiation: The inability fir a user to deny an action; his or her identity is positively associated with that action.